How Serious Is Concussion?

How can I tell if a head injury is mild or severe?

Symptoms may include: Mild head injury: Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise….Moderate to severe head injury (requires immediate medical attention)–symptoms may include any of the above plus:Loss of consciousness.Severe headache that does not go away.Repeated nausea and vomiting.More items….

What happens if a concussion goes untreated?

This common form of brain injury temporarily disrupts mental function. If not treated, it can have nasty, long-term consequences. People with untreated concussion may suffer from headaches and fatigue — sometimes for years. They aren’t as sharp as they should be mentally and they can’t focus.

How do you know if a concussion is serious?

Concussion Danger SignsOne pupil larger than the other.Drowsiness or inability to wake up.A headache that gets worse and does not go away.Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).More items…

How do eyes look when you have a concussion?

Blurred or double vision Sensitivity to light and photophobia Partial vision loss Eye or ocular pain Abnormal eye movements Visual motion sensitivity Vertical heterophoriaBlurred or double vision.Sensitivity to light and photophobia.Partial vision loss.Eye or ocular pain.Abnormal eye movements.Visual motion sensitivity.More items…•

How do they test you for a concussion?

Your doctor may order imaging tests — such as MRI or CT scans — to make sure there’s no bruising or bleeding in your brain. To confirm a concussion diagnosis, your doctor will use the data from your: Exam and interview. ImPACT or other cognitive tests.

How long after hitting head can concussion symptoms start?

“For some people, the symptoms after a concussion may not become apparent until later in the day,” says Beth Kolar, advanced clinician at Bryn Mawr Rehabilitation Hospital, part of Main Line Health, who explains that delayed concussion symptoms may present 24 to 48 hours after and injury.

How serious is a mild concussion?

A concussion is a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Doctors may describe these injuries as “mild” because concussions are usually not life-threatening.

What are the stages of a concussion?

Types of ConcussionsGrade 1: Mild, with symptoms that last less than 15 minutes and involve no loss of consciousness.Grade 2: Moderate, with symptoms that last longer than 15 minutes and involve no loss of consciousness.Grade 3: Severe, in which the person loses consciousness, sometimes for just a few seconds.

What should you not do with a concussion?

You should not drive, operate machinery, or be alone for 24 hours after a concussion. Symptoms may still be developing, and you could risk loss of consciousness or slowed reaction times during this period.

How do doctors treat concussions?

However, most concussions don’t require surgery or any major medical treatment. If the concussion is causing headaches, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol).

How do you know if your brain is bleeding after hitting your head?

Seek immediate medical attention after a blow to the head if you: Lose consciousness. Have a persistent headache. Experience vomiting, weakness, blurred vision, unsteadiness.

Can a concussion heal on its own?

Most concussions resolve on their own without any lasting effects. However, some concussions can accompany a more serious injury that requires treatment. Seek emergency treatment if you notice any of the following after a concussion: sudden, intense headaches.

Should I go to ER for Concussion?

Should I Go to the Hospital for a Concussion? In general, any head injury associated with loss of consciousness, seizures, prolonged confusion or amnesia, neck pain, vomiting or numbness or weakness in arms or legs should be transported to the emergency room in an ambulance right away.

How long can a mild concussion last?

In general, symptoms of a concussion should resolve in two weeks. Some people have symptoms for longer — up to three months. Concussive symptoms typically resolve in 7 to 10 days (sports-related concussions) or within 3 months (non-athletes) (Epps and Allen, 2017).

What do concussion headaches feel like?

Characteristics: Following a concussion, you can develop a headache that resembles a migraine headache. Pain tends to be in the front of the head area of your forehead or temple. It is commonly described as a ‘pounding’ or ‘throbbing’ pain. It is sometimes associated with nausea and sensitivity to light and noise.

How long does it take to recover from a concussion?

Concussion recovery and treatment. Approximately 80 percent of concussions resolve over seven to 14 days, with an average of 10 days. People with concussions should never return to sports or other physical activity sooner than one week from sustaining the injury.