Question: How Do Hospitals Manage Infection Control?

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection.

Infection control starts with standard precautions.

Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections..

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is standard infection control?

Standard Precautions. Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What is the most important method of infection control?

As noted above, hand hygiene is perhaps the most essential piece of an effective infection control practice. While alcohol rubs have their place, washing hands with soap and water is the most common and effective method of hand hygiene.

What is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What is a nurses role in infection control?

The role of an infection control nurse is to determine, prevent, and contain infectious outbreaks in the healthcare setting. Even in a sterile and sanitary environment, an infection can easily spread causing patients to become ill and possibly die.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What are infection control procedures?

Infection control in the workplace aims to prevent pathogens being passed from one person to another. The foundation of good infection control is to assume that everyone is potentially infectious. Basic infection control procedures include hand washing and keeping the workplace clean.

How do you prevent hospital acquired infections?

10 Steps to Preventing Spread of Infection in HospitalsWash Your Hands. Hand washing should be the cornerstone of reducing HAIs. … Create an Infection-Control Policy. … Identify Contagions ASAP. … Provide Infection Control Education. … Use Gloves. … Provide Isolation-Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment. … Disinfect and Keep Surfaces Clean. … Prevent Patients From Walking Barefoot.More items…•

How can nurses prevent hospital acquired infections?

Irrigating cutaneous wounds thoroughly between dressing changes, debriding necrotic material effectively and dressing a wound appropriately to absorb exudates, are all ways in which nurses can protect patients from HAIs.

What are the 3 levels of infection control?

There are three levels of decontamination: cleaning, disinfection and sterilization. 2.1. 8 Cleaning: A process which physically removes infectious agents and the organic matter on which they thrive but does not necessarily destroy infective agents.