Question: What Were The Impacts Of The New Zealand Wars On Māori And On Pakehā?

What happened after the New Zealand wars?

After the New Zealand Wars ended in 1872, the King Country remained closed to Pākehā for more than a decade, until Ngāti Maniapoto leaders agreed to the construction of the North Island Main Trunk railway in the mid-1880s..

What was the major reason for the outbreak of the New Zealand Wars?

The New Zealand wars began with fighting between Ngāpuhi and government troops at Kororāreka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. The major causes were the concern of some Ngāpuhi that the moving of the capital from the Bay to Auckland had hurt them economically, and that the Crown was exceeding its authority in the area.

Did the British invade New Zealand?

In 1642, Dutch navigator Abel Tasman became the first European to discover the South Pacific island group that later became known as New Zealand. … Whalers, missionaries, and traders followed, and in 1840 Britain formally annexed the islands and established New Zealand’s first permanent European settlement at Wellington.

When did English settlers arrive in New Zealand?

1870sThousands of British settlers began to arrive in New Zealand in the 1870s and the government began investing in the expansions of towns and railways in order to accommodate the country’s newest residents.

How did Taranaki get its name?

Name. The mountain is called Taranaki in the Māori language. The Māori word tara means mountain peak, and naki is thought to come from ngaki, meaning “shining”, a reference to the snow-clad winter nature of the upper slopes. It was also named Pukehaupapa and Pukeonaki by iwi who lived in the region in ancient times.

Where did New Zealand fight in ww2?

It was a war in which New Zealanders gave their greatest national effort — on land, on the sea and in the air — and a war that New Zealanders fought globally, from Egypt, Italy and Greece to Japan and the Pacific. The impact on the home front was considerable.

What was the outcome of the Taranaki war?

The war ended in a ceasefire, with neither side explicitly accepting the peace terms of the other. Although there were claims by the British that they had won the war, there were widely held views at the time they had suffered an unfavourable and humiliating result. Historians have also been divided on the result.

How many died at Parihaka?

Te Whiti and Tohu were arrested and jailed for 16 months, 1,600 Parihaka inhabitants were expelled and dispersed throughout Taranaki without food or shelter and the remaining 600 residents were issued with government passes to control their movement….Parihaka• TotalFewer than 1006 more rows

When did the Taranaki war end?

March 17, 1860 – March 18, 1861First Taranaki War/Periods

What if New Zealand was never colonized?

If New Zealand were never colonised, it would be uninhabited. The Maoris arrived from Polynesia in the 14th century and settled mainly in the North Island, and the British arrived in the early 19th century. Unlike Australia, New Zealand has no indigenous population dating from prehistory.

When did the New Zealand wars end?

1845 – 1872New Zealand Wars/Periods

What was the result of the New Zealand Wars?

New Zealand WarsDate1845–1872LocationNew ZealandResultLoss of Māori land, retreat of Kingitanga to King CountryTerritorial changesNew Zealand Settlements Act 1863; confiscation of 16,000 km2 (6,200 sq mi) of Māori land

Who was involved in the NZ land wars?

Between the 1840s and the 1870s British and colonial forces fought to open up the interior of the North Island for settlement in conflicts that became known collectively as the New Zealand Wars.

Why were the British attracted to New Zealand?

Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …

Who settled New Zealand First?

Abel TasmanThe first European to arrive in New Zealand was the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642.

What happened in the Maori land wars?

In the 1840s and 1860s conflict over sovereignty and land led to battles between government forces and some Māori tribes. The largest campaign was the clash between the Māori king and the Crown. Land confiscations to punish tribes that fought against the Crown have left a long legacy of grievances.

What wars have NZ been involved in?

Story: New Zealand warsStory summary.New Zealand wars overview.Northern war, 1845–1846.Wellington and Whanganui wars, 1846–1848.North Taranaki war, 1860–1861.Waikato war: beginnings.Waikato war: major battles.Gate Pā, Tauranga.More items…

What were the causes of the Waikato War?

Causes of the Waikato War The causes of the war go back beyond the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. According to the British interpretation, the Maori signatories acknowl- edged the sovereignty of Queen Victoria, while the Crown had sole right to pur- chase their lands, if they chose to sell.

What was the reason for the Treaty of Waitangi?

Most signed a Māori-language version. Reasons why chiefs signed the treaty included wanting controls on sales of Māori land to Europeans, and on European settlers. They also wanted to trade with Europeans, and believed the new relationship with Britain would stop fighting between tribes.

What happened at Waitara in Taranaki?

17 March 1860 The opening shots of the first Taranaki War were fired when British troops attacked a pā built by Te Āti Awa chief Te Rangitāke at Te Kohia, Waitara. … Built overnight just inside the disputed land, it withstood 200 artillery rounds and close-range fire from 500 troops.