Quick Answer: What Is Kleine Levin Syndrome?

Why would someone sleep for days?

Not getting enough sleep — sometimes by choice — is the most common cause of excessive sleepiness.

Working at night and sleeping during the day is another.

Other causes include drug, alcohol, or cigarette use, lack of physical activity, obesity, and the use of certain medications..

Can narcolepsy come on suddenly?

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects your ability to wake and sleep. People with narcolepsy have excessive, uncontrollable daytime sleepiness. They may also suddenly fall asleep at any time, during any type of activity.

Are sleep disorders life threatening?

Types of Sleep Disorders Characterized by loud snoring, daytime sleepiness, waking with a headache, and needing to use the bathroom during the night, this condition can be life- threatening.

What is Laurence Moon Biedl syndrome?

Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome (LMBBS) is a rare autosomal recessive (AR) disorder. It is characterized predominantly by hypogonadism, polydactyly, retinitis pigmentosa, obesity, and mental retardation.

What can narcolepsy be mistaken for?

Other sleep disorders that cause daytime sleepiness are often mistaken for narcolepsy. These include sleep apnea, circadian rhythm sleep disorders and restless legs syndrome. Medical conditions, mental health disorders and use of certain medications or substances can also cause symptoms similar to narcolepsy.

What is the rarest sleep disorder?

Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS), also known as “Sleeping Beauty” syndrome, is a rare neurological disorder characterised by recurrent bouts of hypersomnolence (excessive sleeping) along with cognitive and behavioural problems during wakefulness.

How rare is KLS?

KLS is very rare, occurring at a rate of 1 in 1 million, which limits research into genetic factors. The condition primarily affects adolescent males, though females can also be affected and the age of onset varies.

What is a Dyssomnia?

Parasomnia sleep disorders cause abnormal activities during sleep, such as sleep terrors or sleep walking. Dyssomnia sleep disorders cause trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.

What is Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome?

Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by physical abnormalities affecting the fingers and toes (digits) and the head and facial (craniofacial) area.

What mimics narcolepsy?

Beware: there are other diseases that can mimic narcolepsy: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common disorder in the category of sleep-related breathing disorders. Obstructive sleep apnea patients present with chronic excessive daytime sleepiness and are commonly misdiagnosed with narcolepsy.

What causes Dyssomnia?

This is a common disorder which is often a result of the upper airway collapsing during sleep. This causes frequent pauses in breathing which leads to snoring and interrupted sleep habits. Treatment includes lifestyle changes such as avoiding sleeping on your back.

Is Restless Leg Syndrome a Dyssomnia?

For the purposes of this work, dyssomnia is any disorder outside of parasomnia that includes but is not limited to insomnia, hypersomnia, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea (CSA), mixed sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), and circadian rhythm disorders (CRDs …

What are the 5 major sleep disorders?

Thankfully, there are treatments available that you can talk to your patients about for the five most common sleep disorders:Insomnia.Sleep Apnea.Narcolepsy.Restless Legs Syndrome.and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder.

What causes KLS?

The exact cause of KLS is unknown, but some doctors believe certain factors can increase your risk for this condition. For example, KLS may arise from an injury in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that controls sleep, appetite, and body temperature.

What is Klein’s disease?

Klein’s Syndrome, also known as Waardenburg Syndrome, is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by deafness, defects in structures arising from the neural crest, nose deformities and skin, iris and hair pigmentation abnormalities.

What is Carpenter’s syndrome?

Carpenter syndrome is a condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones (craniosynostosis), abnormalities of the fingers and toes, and other developmental problems. Craniosynostosis prevents the skull from growing normally, frequently giving the head a pointed appearance (acrocephaly).

Why do I keep falling asleep when I’m not tired?

The most common causes of excessive sleepiness are sleep deprivation and disorders like sleep apnea and insomnia. Depression and other psychiatric problems, certain medications, and medical conditions affecting the brain and body can cause daytime drowsiness as well.

What are the symptoms of Kleine Levin Syndrome?

When awake, affected individuals may exhibit irritability, lack of energy (lethargy), and/or lack of emotions (apathy). They may also appear confused (disoriented) and experience hallucinations. Symptoms of Kleine-Levin syndrome are cyclical.

How is KLS similar to narcolepsy?

KLS is another disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness, but with different characteristics as compared to narcolepsy. KLS is characterized by extremely long sleep periods or prolonged night-time sleep.

What does KLS stand for?

KLSAcronymDefinitionKLSKey Largo School (Florida)KLSKuala Lumpur Sentral (commercial and transportation area; Malaysia)KLSKaba Lodging Systems (global electronic lock provider)KLSKleine-Levine Syndrome (neurological disorder)15 more rows