What Are The Main Routes Infection Can Enter The Body?

Which of the following are some of the common routes in which infection can get into the body in the workplace?

Transmission of infection touching contaminated objects or eating contaminated food – the pathogens in a person’s faeces may be spread to food or other objects, if their hands are dirty.

skin-to-skin contact – the transfer of some pathogens can occur through touch, or by sharing personal items, clothing or objects..

What diseases are carried in body fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Simply put, yes. Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What are the 4 major body fluids?

A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What diseases are spread through urine?

If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses. Body fluids, such as sweat, tears, vomit or urine may contain and pass on these viruses when blood is present in the fluid, but the risk is low.

What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?

Infections can be spread through these 5 different ways:Physical contact. Infections, especially skin contagions, are spread by direct physical contact. … Droplet spreading. Colds, strep throat etc. … Contaminated items. … Bowel movements. … Exposure to blood.

What are the 4 ways infections can be transmitted?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is the most common method of infection?

It’s easy to see why touching is the most common way infections are passed. You touch someone or something, then your hand touches your mouth, nose, or eye, and then-voila! You’re sick.

How diseases can be spread?

Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

What are the types of body fluids?

Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.

What is standard precautions infection control?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What is the main way an infection can get into the body?

Some infections are spread directly when skin or mucous membrane (the thin lining of parts of the body such as nose, mouth, genitals) comes into contact with the skin or mucous membrane of an infected person. Infections may be spread indirectly when the skin comes in contact with a contaminated object.

Can a bacteria be cured?

Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.