What Are The Stages Of Glaucoma?

What is end stage glaucoma?

The end stage glaucoma (stage 5) was defined by the VA < 20/200 or unavailable to perform the Humphrey visual field examination attributable to glaucoma [19].

For the purpose of statistical analysis, the MD of stage 5 eyes were considered as − 33 dB and the visual field index (VFI) of these eyes were 0%..

How quickly does glaucoma progress?

In the most common form of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, damage to the retinal cells occurs quite slowly. Untreated glaucoma can progress to blindness within several years. Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a less common form that can impair vision much more quickly.

What is Stage 3 glaucoma?

Stage 3: Closed-angle glaucoma. The fibrovascular membrane proliferates and contracts, causing progressive angle closure, ectropion uveae and a flat, glistening appearance to the iris. Rubeosis is severe, with possible hyphema, some inflammation and IOP as high as 60 to 70 mmHg.

What not to eat if you have glaucoma?

Consuming a high trans fatty acid diet can result in damaging the optic nerve. You should avoid foods like baked goods such as cookies, cakes, donuts or fried items like French fries or stick margarine to steer clear from worsening your glaucoma. It may also improve your eye health.

What percentage of glaucoma patients go blind?

Blindness does occur from glaucoma but it is a relatively rare occurrence. There are around 120,000 cases of blindness in the United States and 2.3 million cases of glaucoma. This represents about 5% of glaucoma patients. However, sight impairment is more common and occurs in around 10% of patients.

What is the treatment for early glaucoma?

The treatment options for early glaucoma have expanded in recent years and fall into three categories: medications, laser, and incisional surgery. Medications or laser are both considered first-line treatments. It is not imperative that you start with medications and then proceed to laser treatment.

How do you know if your glaucoma is getting worse?

Because it happens so slowly, many people can’t tell that their vision is changing, especially at first. But as the disease gets worse, you may start to notice that you can’t see things off to the side anymore. Without treatment, glaucoma can eventually cause blindness.

Can glaucoma make you completely blind?

Without treatment, glaucoma will eventually cause blindness. Even with treatment, about 15 percent of the time glaucoma can lead to blindness in at least one eye over a period of 20 years. Fortunately, glaucoma typically progresses very slowly, over years.

What age do you usually get glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the second-leading cause of blindness in the U.S. It most often occurs in people over age 40, although an infant (congenital) form of glaucoma exists.