What Does Chronic Mean Medically?

What is the difference between acute and chronic health effects?

Generally, the terms “acute” and “chronic” are used to delineate between effects on the basis of severity or duration.

“Acute” effects usually occur rapidly as a result of short-term exposures, and are of short duration.

“Chronic” effects generally occur as a result of long-term exposure, and are of long duration..

Is chronic disease curable?

Chronic diseases are long-lasting conditions that usually can be controlled but not cured. People living with chronic illnesses often must manage daily symptoms that affect their quality of life, and experience acute health problems and complications that can shorten their life expectancy.

What is the most expensive chronic disease?

At a cost of $327 billion, diabetes has become the most expensive chronic disease in the U.S., according to the American Diabetes Association’s (ADA) recently released “Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2017,” a report published online in Diabetes Care.

Why is chronic disease increasing?

Chronic diseases and conditions are on the rise worldwide. An ageing population and changes in societal behaviour are contributing to a steady increase in these common and costly long-term health problems. The middle class is growing; and with urbanisation accelerating, people are adopting a more sedentary lifestyle.

What is difference between chronic and acute?

Acute illnesses generally develop suddenly and last a short time, often only a few days or weeks. Chronic conditions develop slowly and may worsen over an extended period of time—months to years.

What are the top 10 illnesses?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus. … Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. … Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases. … Tuberculosis. … Cirrhosis.More items…

What defines a disease?

A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. Diseases are often known to be medical conditions that are associated with specific symptoms and signs.

What are the top 10 chronic health conditions?

Trends show an overall increase in chronic diseases. Currently, the top ten health problems in America (not all of them chronic) are heart disease, cancer, stroke, respiratory disease, injuries, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, influenza and pneumonia, kidney disease, and septicemia [14,15,16,17,18].

Which disease is more harmful acute or chronic disease Why?

Hence we can conclude that the chronic diseases are more dangerous than the acute diseases and need proper care, attention and research because they affect the patient mentally as well as physically. We have discussed the acute and chronic diseases in detail.

What is the difference between acute and chronic stress?

Acute stress is short-term stress. Chronic stress is long-term stress. Examples of acute stress would be any stress you suffer from for a short period of time — like a traffic jam, an argument with your spouse, criticism from your boss or someone breaking into your house when you aren’t there.

Who most common chronic diseases?

Four of the most prominent chronic diseases – cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and type 2 diabetes – are linked by common and preventable biological risk factors, notably high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and overweight, and by related major behavioural risk factors …

What does acute mean medically?

Acute conditions are severe and sudden in onset. This could describe anything from a broken bone to an asthma attack. A chronic condition, by contrast is a long-developing syndrome, such as osteoporosis or asthma. Note that osteoporosis, a chronic condition, may cause a broken bone, an acute condition.

What are some examples of chronic diseases?

Examples of chronic illnesses are:Alzheimer disease and dementia.Arthritis.Asthma.Cancer.COPD.Crohn disease.Cystic fibrosis.Diabetes.More items…•

Can all diseases be cured?

Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease.

What is an example of an acute disease?

Examples of acute diseases include appendicitis, acute leukemia, and strep throat. Some acute diseases do not require hospitalization or medical treatments, such as influenza, whereas others, such as pneumonia and acute myocardial infarction, may require medical attention and extended treatment.

Does chronic mean forever?

According to Wikipedia a chronic condition is, a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time. The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months.

What are the 7 most common chronic diseases?

The Top 7 Most Common Chronic Diseases in the U.SHeart Disease. … Cancer. … Chronic Lung Disease. … Stroke. … Alzheimer’s. … Diabetes. … Kidney Disease.

What are the symptoms of chronic infection?

The symptoms of chronic respiratory infections can include:Shortness of breath.Fatigue.Mucus production.Fever.Sore throat.Postnasal drip or nasal discharge.Bad breath.Cough.

Is depression a chronic medical condition?

For millions of people, chronic illnesses and depression are facts of life. A chronic illness is a condition that lasts for a very long time and usually cannot be cured completely, although some forms of depression and other illnesses can be managed through diet, exercise, and certain medications.

What is considered a chronic health condition?

Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States.