What Is The Best Approach In Making Moral Decision?

What are the two ethical approaches?

From the earliest moments of recorded human consciousness, the ethical discipline has exhibited four fundamental “approaches” These four approaches are often called “ethical decision-making frameworks:” Utilitarian Ethics (outcome based), Deontological Ethics (duty based), Virtue Ethics (virtue based) and Communitarian ….

What are 3 types of decision making?

There are three types of decision in business:strategic.tactical.operational.

What are the 8 steps in ethical decision making?

Ethical Decision Making: an 8-step guideGather the facts.Define the ethical issues.Identify the affected parties.Identify the consequences.Identify the obligations.Consider your character and integrity.Think creatively about potential actions.Check your gut.

What are the three main models of ethical decision making?

Ethical theories are often broadly divided into three types: i) Consequentialist theories, which are primarily concerned with the ethical consequences of particular actions; ii) Non-consequentialist theories, which tend to be broadly concerned with the intentions of the person making ethical decisions about particular …

What are some examples of ethical decision making?

10 Great Examples of Ethical Decision Making In BusinessCostco’s Decision To Pay Fair Wages. … Volkswagen’s Strategy to Reduce its Workforce Without Layoffs. … Best Buy’s Commitment to Sustainability. … Woolworth’s gets out of liquor and gambling. … CVS Health Stops selling tobacco. … Chick-fil-A Pays for Employee Education. … McDonald’s invests in Employee Skills and Animal Rights.More items…•

What are examples of the common good?

Some canonical examples of the common good in a modern liberal democracy include: the road system; public parks; police protection and public safety; courts and the judicial system; public schools; museums and cultural institutions; public transportation; civil liberties, such as the freedom of speech and the freedom …

What are the four ethical approaches?

The four approaches are: The principle approach, in which decisions are made according to a principle such as the Ten Commandments or the Golden Rule The consequence approach, in which decisions are made according to their likely outcomes The virtue/character approach, in which decisions are made according to the …

What is the best ethical theory?

UtilitarianismUtilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

What is the utilitarian approach to moral decision making?

The Utilitarian Approach assesses an action in terms of its consequences or outcomes; i.e., the net benefits and costs to all stakeholders on an individual level. It strives to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number while creating the least amount of harm or preventing the greatest amount of suffering.

What does the common good really mean?

In philosophy, economics, and political science, the common good (also commonwealth, general welfare, or public benefit) refers to either what is shared and beneficial for all or most members of a given community, or alternatively, what is achieved by citizenship, collective action, and active participation in the …

What are the five steps to making a good moral decision?

5 Steps to Good Decision MakingStep 1: Identify Your Goal. One of the most effective decision making strategies is to keep an eye on your goal. … Step 2: Gather Information for Weighing Your Options. … Step 3: Consider the Consequences. … Step 4: Make Your Decision. … Step 5: Evaluate Your Decision.

What is the common good approach?

The common good approach refers to actions that are taken or policies that are put into place in order to benefit not only a certain group of individuals, but the society as a whole. It is seen as the best decision that will bring positive and beneficial results.

What are the 5 ethical approaches?

Philosophers have developed five different approaches to values to deal with moral issues.The Utilitarian Approach. … The Rights Approach. … The Fairness or Justice Approach. … The Common-Good Approach. … The Virtue Approach. … Ethical Problem Solving.

What are the 7 steps to ethical decision making?

1 – GATHER THE FACTS. □ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts. … 2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S) … 3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES. … 4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES. … 5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES,6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER &7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL.8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.More items…

What is the right approach?

The Rights Approach focuses on respect for human dignity. This approach holds that our dignity is based on our ability to choose freely how we live our lives, and that we have a moral right to respect for our choices as free, equal, and rational people, and a moral duty to respect others in the same way.